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Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

Target Audience Who Should Read This Policy Inpatient Ward Managers Matrons Service Managers Urgent Care Service Managers CAMHS

Version 1.0 November 2015

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Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

















Annual Ligature Risk Assessment



Risk Assessment Methodology



Procedures Connected to this Policy



Links to Relevant Legislation



Links to Relevant National Standards



Links to Other Key Policy






Roles and Responsibilities for this Policy



(Video) Ligature Risk: Continuing to Safeguard your Hospitals




Equality Impact Assessment



Data Protection Act and Freedom of Information Act



Monitoring this Policy is Working in Practice


Appendices 1.0

Ligature Point Identification Tool



Ligature Risk Assessment


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Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

Explanation of terms used in this policy Collapsible Fittings - Collapsible fittings are typically designed to collapse when loads in excess of 40 kg are applied Environment - The external surroundings, conditions with which a person interacts; this may include the physical or built environment (e.g. buildings, fittings etc.) Ligature - Something which binds or ties; any item that when placed around the neck can restrict the airway. A ligature can be used with a ligature point or independently Ligature Cutter - This is purpose-specific equipment for cutting ligatures. Ligature cutters must not be used for any other purpose than dealing with emergency situations involving ligatures Ligature Point - This is anything that is load-bearing and could be used to attach a cord, rope or other material for the purpose of strangulation Ligature Risk Assessment - A Trust tool for assessing ligature risks in the environment Patient/Service User - These terms are used generically and cover patients, clients or any person who uses services managed by Black Country Partnership NHS Foundation Trust Policy - Sets out the aims and principles under which services, Groups, or units will operate. A policy outlines roles and responsibilities, defines the scope of the subject covered, and provides a high level description of the controls that must be in place to ensure compliance Residual Risk - Compensating actions may be sufficient to reduce the risk of the ligature to an acceptable level - this is called the residual risk Significant Event - For the purposes of this policy an incident involving a ligature point that attracts a level grading on datix of moderate or above

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Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

1.0 Introduction National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide by People with a Mental Illness (July 2015) shows that hanging continues to be the main method of suicide for mental health service users. Hanging may involve strangulation or asphyxiation caused by suspending the body from a high ligature point, or by using a ligature point below head height. A significant proportion of suicides are believed to occur through impulsive acts, using what may be seen as reasonably obvious ligature points. The National Suicide Prevention Strategy for England (2012) states that one of the most effective ways to prevent suicide is to reduce access to high-lethality means of suicide. The strategy also identifies those methods most amenable to intervention as hanging and strangulation and, consequently, advocates the removal of ligature points. Due to human ingenuity and/or a lack of a technical solution, it is not possible for all potential ligature points to be addressed. Therefore, a judgement has to be made about the likelihood of something being used as a ligature point and what compensating actions may be used. Equally, there may be some potential ligature points that need to remain, as removing them will create a greater risk to the service user i.e. grab rails in elderly units / disability accessible rooms. Operational management systems need to be in place for these areas / equipment / patients at risk. Black Country Partnership Foundation Trust acknowledges its responsibilities to identify all likely ligature points in inpatient wards, inpatient therapy areas, and other premises where inpatients access a service within the Trust. 2.0 Purpose This policy intends to address the environmental risks posed within a service that could enable a service user attempting suicide to use a ligature. This policy does not cover other risk factors in suicide prevention. Other risk factors are included within clinical risk assessments and policies associated with patient safety. This policy includes guidance and instruction for identifying and assessing potential ligature points and ligature risks, recording the findings and identifying mitigating actions as appropriate to the level of risk. Actions to address ligature point risks can include reporting, management/operational/clinical solutions or physical solutions which will be funded through planned preventative maintenance (PPM) or the Trusts Capital Programme. This policy aims to ensure that there are regular assessments of ligature points and appropriate management thereafter. 3.0 Objectives Black Country Partnership Foundation Trust’s Ligature Risk Assessment Policy: Makes explicit the organisation’s commitment to identify and manage all likely ligature points in inpatient wards, inpatient therapy areas, and other premises where inpatients access a service within the Trust Describes the responsibilities for ligature risk identification, assessment and management within the organisation 4.0 Process The following areas require annual (as a minimum) environmental ligature risk assessments to be undertaken: Version 1.0 November 2015


Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

All inpatient units Facilities accessible to inpatients (i.e. dining and therapy areas) Environmental ligature risk assessments must be undertaken annually. Where there has been some significant change since the last assessment (i.e. change of use; modification of the building) a new assessment must be undertaken. A significant event involving the use of a ligature point (whether or not the patient was harmed) should trigger a review of that ligature point. Environmental ligature risk assessments are required for all Trust areas accessible to inpatient service users including enclosed communal areas such as therapy areas, separate dining facilities or recreational areas such as gardens. This is to ensure that where ligature risks are identified they are removed or managed. The Trust Ligature Risk Identification Tool and Ligature Risk Assessment Tool assists staff in carrying out this task. 4.1 Annual Ligature Risk Assessment An annual assessment should be completed for each identified area, using the Ligature Risk Identification Tool. Ligature Risk Assessments are working documents and should be reviewed and updated following a significant event involving a ligature point (see 4.0). 4.1.1 Wards Copies of the Risk Assessments should be shared with ward staff and be readily accessible on the ward. All ward staff should be aware of the location of assessments for their ward and be able to access them at all times. Completed Ligature Risk Assessments should be forwarded to Group Governance Teams. Group Governance Teams will then report findings through their respective Quality and Safety meetings in order to highlight identified risks and seek approval for recommendations to manage unmitigated high risks. Approved recommendations to manage unmitigated risks which require the investment of additional resources will then be escalated to GMB. 4.2 Risk Assessment Methodology The Trust uses an environmental Ligature Risk Identification Tool (see Appendix 1) developed from the Manchester Audit tool. Ward managers are responsible for identifying ligature points through the Ligature Risk Identification Tool and for completing the Ligature Risk Assessment (see Appendix 2). 4.2.1 Ligature Risk Identification Tool The tool will be applied to all patient areas except those that are not accessible without supervision. The tool uses four elements to identify the level of potential risk attached to a ligature point. Each element is assigned a score from 1 to 3. A higher score denotes a higher likelihood of risk. The scores from each factor are multiplied together to give a final rating from 1 to 81.

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Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

The elements used are: Room Type - the level of supervision normally provided to the area where the ligature point is located Patient Profile - the degree to which patients are considered at risk of attempting suicide and include severity of acute mental illness Ligature Point - the height of the ligature point is taken into account, ligature points located at or above head height afford greater opportunity for patients to attempt suicide Compensatory Factor - Whether there are any other issues such as ward layout that would influence the likely use of a ligature point Room Type Each room in the clinical area will have its own priority. This is rated according to the amount of time most patients will spend in the room without direct supervision from staff or those with unobserved opportunity e.g. toilets. For example: most patients will spend periods of time unsupervised in their bedroom or in the shower. This rating is an assessment of the opportunity a patient could have to use a ligature point. Managers are expected to score the room designation according to usual staff supervision practices. Room Designation Rating: 3 Most patients spend periods of time, in private, without direct supervision of staff: All bedrooms Toilet areas Shower / Bathroom areas Single Sex sitting rooms Some Smoking rooms Other isolated areas of the ward

Room Designation Rating: 2 Most patients spend long periods of time with minimum direct supervision of staff and are usually in company of peers: Day rooms Dining rooms Unlocked therapy rooms Unlocked offices Unlocked Store rooms Unlocked Utility rooms Unlocked Kitchens Some Smoking rooms

Room Designation Rating: 1 Areas where there is movement of staff and patients through areas that are: General circulation spaces Corridors Locked rooms Patient Profile While mental health service users are at greater risk of suicide than the general population, some patient groups are more vulnerable and susceptible to suicide risk than others. Clinical areas cater for different functional groups of patients who can, therefore, be profiled into groups who could have a significant, moderate or low Potential to use ligature points. The following table suggests a risk rating with associated scale. Please note that the ratings, once again, are in three groups (1, 2, 3)

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Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

High Risk Patient Group: 3

Medium Risk Patient Group: 2 Patients with acute severe Patients with chronic or mental illness enduring mental health Patients who are unpredictable problems Patients who are depressed Patients who are Patient/s who are, or have been, susceptible to periodic of high risk of suicide or severe relapses or sub-acute self-harm episodes Patients in initial recovery stage Patients who are not following suicide risk or on 1 to 1 symptom free (e.g. observations delusions/ hallucinations) Young people Patients who have been Patients with challenging assessed as NOT being an behaviour immediate risk of suicide Patients with chaotic behaviour Patients with concurrent substance misuse issues Patients with concurrent severe social need e.g. (marital / family breakup, financial concerns etc.)

Low Risk Patient Group: 1 Patients in self-care groups Patients in rehabilitation Patients who have never been assessed as being at risk of suicide Ligature Point This rating scale requires managers to identify potential ligature point in relation to its height position in the room. Low Risk: 1 4 metres and above TOP AREA OF ROOM



High Risk: 3 Between 170cm and 4 Metres Medium Risk:2 Between 70cm and 170cm Low Risk: 1 Up to 70cm

Any ligature point identified in the area between 170cm and 4metres of the room must be scored at 3, given that it is the most obvious area in which a patient could hang himself or herself. However above 4 metres access to the very top of the room is greatly restricted unless ladders are available and is to be scored as level 1. Anything in the middle section of the room (70cm – 170cm) is rated at 2 and anything in the bottom area (below 70cm) of the room at 1. Compensatory Factors Compensating Factors should then be scored. Compensating Factors are things which would reduce the risk. A Compensating Factor must be common practice or relate to the design of the room and must be permanent. For example, the use of continuous Version 1.0 November 2015


Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

observation at the time of the audit will not count as a Compensating Factor because this is a temporary clinical management strategy and not a permanent feature. In order to qualify as a Compensating Factor the item must be either a design element (e.g. one which allows for good observation) or a procedural one (e.g. general observation practices of staff) or that of design of equipment. The following table of examples is not exhaustive and local variations may also apply: High Risk Remains: 3 Limited observation through poor design Limited Staff

Medium Risk remains: 2 Good observation through good design Limited Staff

(Video) Ligature Risks: Compliance with the CMS Hospital CoPs and TJC Requirements

Medium Risk remains: 2 Limited observation through poor design Good staffing Levels/skill mix

Medium – Low Risk: 1 Good observation through good design Good staffing levels/skill mix

The following table is intended to assist auditing teams in the identification of likely ligature points. It must be noted that these lists are not exhaustive: Bedrooms

Bathrooms/ Toilets/ Showers

Windows - frames, catches Doors - handles, hinges, door closers Curtain/ blind rails Exposed pipe work Radiators Ceilings Lights Wardrobes - handles, locks, doors, rails, coat hooks Sinks - taps, soap dishes Beds e.g. can they turned on end? Other

Doors - handles, catches, hinges, Closing device Hooks e.g. for clothes Bath/ sink taps, grab rails Ceilings Extractor fans Toilet, cistern handles Toilet roll/soap/ Paper towel dispensers Radiators Shower rose or control knob Open pipe work Shower cubicle doors/curtain rail Other

Lounges/ Quiet/Therapy Rooms Windows - frames, handles, catch Exposed pipe work Rails for curtains/ blinds Doors - handles, hinges Radiators Light fittings Ceilings Other


Cupboards Fire extinguisher (brackets) Fire bells Doors - handles, hinges Exposed pipe work Other Examples Example 1 - Air Vent in the Ceiling of an Older Adult Ward for Patients with Dementia Room Type - (lounge) is in constant use, has high staff and patient movement and consequently high levels of observation and therefore scores a low rating = 1 Patient Profile - provides inpatient services for older adults with a primary diagnosis of dementia with likely clinical presentations including confusion and Version 1.0 November 2015


Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

disorientation, however, may also provide services for patients with other diagnoses and therefore scores a moderate rating = 2 Ligature Point - (ceiling) the ligature point is above head height and therefore scores a high rating = 3 Compensatory Factor - ligature point (vent) is in an area with good observation from several corridor areas and therefore scores a low rating = 1 Room Type (1) x Patient Profile (2) x Ligature Point (3) x Compensatory Factor (1) = Overall Rating 6 (low) Example 2 - Bedroom Door Handle of an Adult Acute Psychiatric Ward Room Type - (bedroom) patients could spend significant amounts of time unsupervised in bedroom and therefore scores a high rating = 3 Patient Profile - (acute inpatient) provides services for a range of acute presentations including patients with suicidal ideation and therefore scores a high rating = 3 Ligature Point - (approx. 1m) ligature point is above 70cm but below head height and therefore scores a moderate rating = 2 Compensatory Factor - (bedroom) bedroom is located upstairs and not easily observable and therefore scores a high rating = 3 Room Type (3) x Patient Profile (3) x Ligature Point (2) x Compensatory Factor (3) = Overall Rating 54 (high) 4.2.2 Ligature Risk Assessment Once the Ligature Risk Identification Tool has been completed the highest risks (those scoring 54 or 81) should be copied into the Ligature Risk Assessment tool and the rest of the tool completed. The tool aims to not only identify the highest risks but evaluate whether there are any control measures already in place that would adequately mitigate the risk. Where such control measures are not in place or deemed inadequate then recommendations should be identified to mitigate the risk, together with leads and timescales. Managers may wish to consult widely with Trust colleagues in formulating appropriate recommendations. It may be possible that while immediate action is taken within the area (i.e. simply by removing a particular item that could be used as a ligature or ligature point or through changes to operational procedure), potentially some or many ligature points will require some significant expenditure to control the associated risk. The risk assessment should be approved by the appropriate Service Manager or Matron and forwarded to Group Governance / Risk Teams (See 4.1) 5.0 Procedures Connected to this Policy There are no procedures connected to this policy. 6.0 Links to Relevant Legislation Health and Safety at work etc. Act 1974 This Act is the major piece of health and safety legislation in Great Britain. The Act introduced a comprehensive and integrated system to deal with workplace health and safety and the protection of the public from work activities. Version 1.0 November 2015


Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

The Act places general duties on employers, employees, self-employed, manufacturers and importers of work equipment and materials. Responsibilities are placed to produce solutions to health and safety problems, which are subject to the test of reasonable practicability. Various regulations are made under the Act, which have the same scope, many of these evolving from European Directives, which enables the potential to achieve clear and uniform standards. 6.1 Links to Relevant National Standards National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide by People with a Mental Illness (2015) This report presents findings from all suicides in the UK from 2003-2013. It highlights areas of health care where safety should be strengthened. Responsibility for this is shared between mental health providers, partner agencies, commissioners (in England), education and training bodies and professional organisations. The findings and recommendations emphasise common areas across the UK countries but countryspecific findings may also require actions by services. CQC Regulation 12: Safe Care and Treatment The intention of this regulation is to prevent service users from receiving unsafe care and treatment, in order to prevent any avoidable harm or risk of harm. CQC understands that there may be inherent risks in carrying out care and treatment, and will not consider it to be unsafe if providers can demonstrate that they have taken all reasonable steps to ensure the health and safety of service users, and to manage any risks that may arise during care and treatment. 6.2 Links to other Key Policies Clinical Risk Management Policy This policy is intended to guide practitioners who work with service users to manage the risk of harm. It sets out the principles and standards required that should underpin best practice across all health settings, and describes the tools that are used to structure the often complex clinical risk management process. 6.3 References National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide by People with a Mental Illness (July 2015) National Suicide Prevention Strategy for England (2012)

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Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

7.0 Roles and Responsibilities for this Policy Title


Key Responsibilities

Executive Director of Nursing, AHPs and Governance Trust Board

Executive Lead


Ensure that appropriate and robust systems, processes and procedures are in place for Ligature Risk Assessment Allocation of resources to support the implementation of this policy Ensure that any serious concerns regarding the implementation of this policy are brought to the attention of the Board Strategic overview and final responsibility for overseeing the management of ligature risks across the Trust in accordance with its primary objective to provide high quality safe care

Group Quality & Safety Group

Scrutiny and Performance

Group Governance Team

Monitoring and Support


Ensure ligature risk assessments have been conducted in accordance with policy Support escalation of residual risks through General Management Board Escalate any issues to Quality and Safety Steering Group Provide initial training to manager’s performing ligature risk assessments Update Quality and Safety Group of performance and highlight residual risks for further action

Service Manager/ Matrons



Ensure Ligature risk assessments are completed and approve recommendations Ensure systems are in place to enable this policy to be implemented within their service area Ensure that they are familiar with the policy

Ward Manager



Complete Ligature Risk Identification Tool at least annually Complete Ligature Risk Assessment with recommendations for action to mitigate risk


8.0 Training What aspect(s) of this policy will require staff training?

Completing Ligature Risk Identification Tool and Ligature Risk Assessment

Which staff groups require this training?

Ward managers/ Matrons/ Service Managers

Is this training covered in the Trust’s Mandatory and Risk Management Training Needs Analysis document?


If no, how will the training be delivered?

Rolled out individually by Group Governance Teams

Who will deliver the training?

(Video) ColumbiaPsych Live Stream

Group Governance

How often will staff require training

One Off

Who will ensure and monitor that staff have this training?

Quality and Safety Group

9.0 Equality Impact Assessment Black Country Partnership NHS Foundation Trust is committed to ensuring that the way we provide services and the way we recruit and treat staff reflects individual needs, promotes equality and does not discriminate unfairly against any particular individual or group. The Equality Impact Assessment for this policy has been completed and is readily available on the Intranet. If you require this in a different format e.g. larger print, Braille, different languages or audio tape, please contact the Equality & Diversity Team on Ext. 8067 or email [emailprotected] Version 1.0 November 2015


Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

10.0 Data Protection and Freedom of Information This statement reflects legal requirements incorporated within the Data Protection Act and Freedom of Information Act that apply to staff who work within the public sector. All staff have a responsibility to ensure that they do not disclose information about the Trust’s activities in respect of service users in its care to unauthorised individuals. This responsibility applies whether you are currently employed or after your employment ends and in certain aspects of your personal life e.g. use of social networking sites etc. The Trust seeks to ensure a high level of transparency in all its business activities but reserves the right not to disclose information where relevant legislation applies. 11.0 Monitoring this Policy is working in Practice What key elements will be monitored?

Where described in policy?

(method + sample size)

Completion of Ligature Point Identification Tool and Ligature Risk Assessment Tool

4.2 Risk Assessment Methodology

Receipt by Group Governance Teams for all inpatient areas

(measurable policy objectives)

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How will they be monitored?

Who will undertake this monitoring?

Group Governance

How Frequently?


Group/Committee that will receive and review results

Quality and Safety

Group/Committee to ensure actions are completed

Quality and Safety

Evidence this has happened

Minutes of meetings


Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

Appendix 1 Ligature Point Identification Tool Group Ward Name of Manager Completing Tool Date

Room Type Rating

Patient population Profile Rating

Ligature Compens Point Rating atory Factor Rating





Room: e.g. Bathroom Ligature Point E.g. Taps


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Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

Appendix 2 Ligature Risk Assessment Area/Department:


Risk Assessor(s):



Review date:

Risk Score: Post Action:

(Video) Covidien Valleylab FT10 PM Procedure Using the ESU-2400 Autosequence



Example - Downstairs bathroom – hand basin taps

Ligature Point Score


Risk Findings & Controls in Place

Bathroom is unlocked at all times. Bathroom checked on observation round. No formal monitoring of bathroom use.

Recommended Action

Lead Person



Replace hand basin taps with antiligature taps.


Resources Required

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Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

Policy Details Title of Policy

Ligature Risk Assessment Policy

Unique Identifier for this policy


State if policy is New or Revised


Previous Policy Title where applicable


Policy Category Clinical, HR, H&S, Infection Control etc. Executive Director whose portfolio this policy comes under Policy Lead/Author Job titles only Committee/Group responsible for the approval of this policy

Clinical Executive Director of Nursing, AHPs and Governance Governance Coordinator Quality and Safety Steering Group

Month/year consultation process completed *

October 2015

Month/year policy approved

November 2015

Month/year policy ratified and issued

November 2015

Next review date

November 2018

Implementation Plan completed *


Equality Impact Assessment completed *


Previous version(s) archived *


Disclosure status

‘B’ can be disclosed to patients and the public

Key Words for this policy

Ligature point identification tool, Ligature risk assessment, Ligature cutter, Ligature point, Room type, Patient profile, Compensatory factors

* For more information on the consultation process, implementation plan, equality impact assessment, or archiving arrangements, please contact Corporate Governance

Review and Amendment History Version Date Details of Change V1.0

Nov 2015

New policy developed for BCPFT

Version 1.0 November 2015

(Video) ForceTriad PM Procedure Using ESU-2400 Autosequence



What is the risk assessment process PDF? ›

  • Step 1: Identify the hazards.
  • Step 2: Decide who might be harmed and how. ...
  • Step 3: Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions. ...
  • Step 4: Record your findings and implement them. ...
  • Step 5: Review your risk assessment and update if.

What is ligature risk assessment? ›

Assess the level and likelihood of risk and to take action to manage the risk and to make the environment as safe as possible at the time. This could be achieved by management of the environmental risk (i.e. by isolating it) or managing the individual risk (i.e. through increased observation).

What are the 5 things a risk assessment should include? ›

You can do it yourself or appoint a competent person to help you.
  • Identify hazards.
  • Assess the risks.
  • Control the risks.
  • Record your findings.
  • Review the controls.

What is the 5 step risk assessment process? ›

Identify the hazards. Decide who might be harmed and how. Evaluate the risks and decide on control measures. Record your findings and implement them.

How do you write a risk assessment template? ›

3. Risk assessment template and examples
  1. who might be harmed and how.
  2. what you're already doing to control the risks.
  3. what further action you need to take to control the risks.
  4. who needs to carry out the action.
  5. when the action is needed by.

When should ligature risk assessment be done? ›

Undertaking ligature risk audits

The Camden and Islington NHS Trust (2017) recommends that you undertake a ligature risk audit every six months. In the event of an incident or near miss occurring, an audit should be taken following the incident.

What is an example of ligature risk? ›

A ligature risk (point) is defined as anything which could be used to attach a cord, rope, or other material for the purpose of hanging or strangulation. Ligature points include shower rails, coat hooks, pipes, and radiators, bedsteads, window and door frames, ceiling fittings, handles, hinges and closures.

What are common ligature risks? ›

Ligature Risk Definition

Ligature risk points are defined as anything that could be used to create a sustainable attachment point, such as a cord, rope, or other material, for hanging or strangulation. Common points include doors, hooks, handles, window frames, belts, sheets, towels, and shoelaces.

What are the 10 P's of risk management? ›

Introduction; Implications of the 10Ps for business; 10Ps - Planning; Product; Process; Premises; Purchasing/Procurement; People; Procedures; Prevention and Protection; Policy; Performance; Interaction between all the elements; Conclusion.

What 3 things must you consider when performing a risk assessment? ›

identify what could cause injury or illness in your business (hazards) decide how likely it is that someone could be harmed and how seriously (the risk) take action to eliminate the hazard, or if this isn't possible, control the risk.

What is a risk assessment checklist? ›

Risk Assessment Checklists, also referred to as RAC, is an innovative tool enabling healthcare organizations to systematically self-assess compliance with evidence-based mitigation strategies for HIROC's top risks. The top risks are ranked by those which lead to significant medical malpractice claims.

What are the 5 pillars of risk management? ›

Five Pillars of Risk Management

The pillars of risk are effective reporting, communication, business process improvement, proactive design, and contingency planning.

What are the five 5 measures of risk? ›

The five principal risk measures include the alpha, beta, R-squared, standard deviation, and Sharpe ratio.

What are the five 5 key principles of risk management? ›

5 basic principles of risk management
  • #1: Risk identification. ...
  • #2: Risk analysis. ...
  • #3: Risk control. ...
  • #4: Risk financing. ...
  • #5: Claims management. ...
  • Bringing risk management principles to life.
Mar 21, 2022

What are the 7 principles of risk management? ›

All industries and organisations manage risk a little differently.
  • Ensure risks are identified early. ...
  • Factor in organisational goals and objectives. ...
  • Manage risk within context. ...
  • Involve stakeholders. ...
  • Ensure responsibilities and roles are clear. ...
  • Create a cycle of risk review. ...
  • Strive for continuous improvement.
Oct 8, 2020

What are the 11 principles of risk management? ›

Here are 11 principles to consider for your business risk management plan:
  • Create and protect value. ...
  • Be integral to your process. ...
  • Be part of decision making. ...
  • Explicitly address uncertainty. ...
  • Be systematic, structured and timely. ...
  • Be based on the best available information. ...
  • Be tailored.

Can I create my own risk assessment? ›

It's important that you make risk assessments your own — copied risk assessments won't meet legal requirements. Every company will have unique hazards and risks, so risk assessments will only be relevant and effective if they're specific to your business and company operations.

How do I make a risk assessment sheet? ›

How to Conduct a Risk Assessment
  1. Step 1: Identify Hazards. Relating to your scope, brainstorm potential hazards. ...
  2. Step 2: Calculate Likelihood. For each hazard, determine the likelihood it will occur. ...
  3. Step 3: Calculate Consequences. ...
  4. Step 4: Calculate Risk Rating. ...
  5. Step 5: Create an Action Plan. ...
  6. Step 6: Plug Data into Matrix.
Apr 22, 2022

What are the five steps in risk management process PDF? ›

Here Are The Five Essential Steps of A Risk Management Process
  1. Identify the Risk.
  2. Analyze the Risk.
  3. Evaluate or Rank the Risk.
  4. Treat the Risk.
  5. Monitor and Review the Risk.
Jan 20, 2022

How do you mitigate ligature risk? ›

Interim patient safety measures to mitigate identified ligature or safety risks may include continuous visual observation or 1:1 observation in which a staff member is assigned to observe only one patient at all times, including while the patient sleeps, toilets or bathes, to prevent harm directed toward self or others ...

What actions should you take if you find a person with a ligature in situ? ›

In the event of finding a person with a ligature in situ: Please follow emergency procedures including immediately shouting for help, calling emergency services and equipment (including ligature cutters).

Where do you cut ligatures? ›

Cut the ligature away from the patients neck:

Using a ligature cutter at the side of the neck, along the groove below the ear, avoiding direct pressure on spine or trachea. – If the ligature is too big for a ligature cutter, e.g. clothing, towel, etc, use Tuff Cut scissors to cut the ligature.

What is ligature proof? ›

Ligature resistant is defined as: without points where a cord, rope, bedsheet, or other fabric/material can be looped or tied to create sustainable point of attachment that may result in self-harm or loss of life.

What is an example of a ligature? ›

In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined to form a single glyph. Examples are the characters æ and œ used in English and French, in which the letters 'a' and 'e' are joined for the first ligature and the letters 'o' and 'e' are joined for the second ligature.

What are points of ligature? ›

A ligature anchor point is anything that could be used to attach a cord or other material for the purpose of hanging or strangulation. A ligature is anything that could be attached to a ligature anchor point or secured round the neck without any ligature anchor point (self-strangulation).

Are door knobs a ligature risk? ›

A ligature is something used for tying or binding, and a knob or handle naturally provides a strong ligature point by protruding out from a door. This is a primary consideration at behavioral-health facilities as well as prisons and other correctional institutions, where attempted suicides are a big risk.

What does a ligature mark look like? ›

1 Ligature mark is a pressure mark on the neck underneath the ligature. Initially it appears as a pale groove which on drying becomes yellowish brown parchment like.

What does ligature mean in mental health? ›

What Is A Ligature? A ligature point is anything that can be used to tie a cord, rope or other material for the purpose of hanging. An anti-ligature product is one that reduces the risk of self-harm through strangulation, by making it as difficult as possible to secure a cord or other material in place.

What are the 12 principles of risk management? ›

12 Principles of Risk Management (PMBOK – with an Agile slant)
  • 1) Organisational Context. ...
  • 2) Stakeholder Involvement. ...
  • 3) Organisational Objectives. ...
  • 4) Management of Risk Approach (N/A) ...
  • 5) Reporting. ...
  • 6) Roles & Responsibilities. ...
  • 7) Support Structure. ...
  • 8) Early Warning Indicators.
Jul 28, 2009

What are the 4 quadrants of risk? ›

Safety Risks: Quantifiable Quadrants
  • Quadrant 1: High Hazard/High Control. ...
  • Quadrant 2: Low Hazard/Low Control. ...
  • Quadrant 3: Low Hazard/High Control. ...
  • Quadrant 4: High Hazard/Low Control.
Nov 6, 2017

What is a 5x5 risk matrix? ›

What is a 5x5 Risk Matrix? A type of risk matrix that is visually represented as a table or a grid, a 5x5 risk matrix has 5 categories each for probability (along the X axis) and impact (along the Y axis), all following a scale of low to high.

What are the three C's that need to be looked at while phrasing risk statements? ›

The true key to a successful Risk Management Process requires three key components to be properly executed.
  • 1) Communication. In many cases the Risk Register is only shared and reviewed amongst the Managers or senior staff and is seldom shared with the project teams. ...
  • 2) Closed Loop Planning. ...
  • 3) Collaboration.
Feb 22, 2015

What are the most common risk assessment techniques? ›

The most common techniques are Brainstorming, Delphi, Scenario analysis, Structure What If (SWIFT), Hazard and Operability Studies (HAZOP), Business Impact Analysis, Bow Tie Analysis, etc.

What are examples of risk assessment tools? ›

The four common risk assessment tools are: risk matrix, decision tree, failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA), and bowtie model. Other risk assessment techniques include what-if analysis, failure tree analysis, and hazard operability analysis.

What is meant by risk assessment process? ›

A risk assessment is a process to identify potential hazards and analyze what could happen if a hazard occurs. A business impact analysis (BIA) is the process for determining the potential impacts resulting from the interruption of time sensitive or critical business processes. There are numerous hazards to consider.

What are the steps in the risk assessment process and explain each step? ›

The 4 essential steps of the Risk Management Process are:

Identify the risk. Assess the risk. Treat the risk. Monitor and Report on the risk.

What is the risk assessment? ›

A risk assessment is the process of identifying what hazards exist, or may appear in the workplace, how they may cause harm and to take steps to minimise harm.

What are the three main types of risk assessment? ›

There are three types of risk assessments, baseline, issue-based and continuous risk assessments.

What are the 4 T's of risk management? ›

There are always several options for managing risk. A good way to summarise the different responses is with the 4Ts of risk management: tolerate, terminate, treat and transfer.

What are 5 main activities of risk identification? ›

There are five core steps within the risk identification and management process. These steps include risk identification, risk analysis, risk evaluation, risk treatment, and risk monitoring.

What is the legal requirement for risk assessments? ›

The law states that a risk assessment must be 'suitable and sufficient', ie it should show that: a proper check was made. you asked who might be affected. you dealt with all the obvious significant risks, taking into account the number of people who could be involved.

What is risk assessment example? ›

Here are common risk assessment examples: Health and Safety Risk Assessment – a type of risk assessment used by safety managers to determine health and safety risks associated with the job, work environment, and current processes. Hazards can be identified as biological, chemical, energy, environmental, and the like.

What are the 5 levels of risk? ›

Most companies use the following five categories to determine the likelihood of a risk event:
  • 1: Highly Likely. Risks in the highly likely category are almost certain to occur. ...
  • 2: Likely. A likely risk has a 61-90 percent chance of occurring. ...
  • 3: Possible. ...
  • 4: Unlikely. ...
  • 5: Highly Unlikely.
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